The Sinopharm vaccine has been developed by the BBIBP (Beijing Institute of Biological Products) and is among the five approved vaccines in Pakistan. (Sinopharm, Sputnik, Sinovac, Cansino, AstraZeneca). The Sinopharm vaccine is approved by 71 countries including Brazil, Austria, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Lebanon, Spain, Switzerland, Mongolia, Finland, Egypt, and the Netherlands. This vaccine is believed to have an efficacy of 79.3%.
World Health Organization added Sinopharm to the list of approved vaccines for interim use on May 7, 2021. The supply of COVID-19 vaccines was limited initially so, health care workers were chosen first for vaccination. This vaccine is not recommended for people younger than 18.
Here is everything you need to know about the Sinopharm vaccine and its usage.
The coronavirus being the most discussed topic and well-read health issue worldwide, might still not give us a chance to play it down. For this, the new variants are partly to blame. Variants fuel outbreaks that are even more intense than the previous ones. It casts doubt on the efficacy of the vaccines prepared for the previous form of the virus.
In such an emergency, two of the Chinese vaccines got emergency authorization from World Health Organization. Sinovac is a private Chinese Company, while Sinopharm is a state-owned Enterprise. Before being approved by WHO, Chinese vaccines were being widely used. Vaccines have been transported to more than 90 countries so far. Sinopharm had been administered to nearly a million in China before even the phase three trial got completed.
How much is it effective?
According to the preliminary research, Sinopharm has a 78-79% efficacy rate. Scrutiny is still underway about the efficacy related to age and the type of the virus infecting a person. Experts say that the Sinopharm vaccine is still falling behind western vaccines in terms of efficacy despite being so widely used. Trials were done in Brazil.
According to the data collected, if it is administered properly, it is effective against SARS-Cov-2. The effectiveness against severe covid-19 can be 100%. If two doses are properly administered, and a patient is hospitalized after 14 days, in that case also, it is equally effective.
What is the recommended age?
According to the insufficient rudimentary research, it was not recommended to the people above 60. Now it is declared to be safe for people above 60 years of age. The lowest age limit is 18 years under which is not recommended.
Is it safe for pregnant or lactating women?
Owing to the unavailability of sufficient data and based on previous studies, it was not usually recommended to pregnant or lactating women. If the risk is compared, then according to some researches, these women are more at risk than others who are neither pregnant nor lactating. WHO does not recommend delaying pregnancy or terminating it for vaccinations.
However, the latest studies suggest that the effectiveness of this vaccine is similar in lactating women as in other people. Lactating women can also use the vaccine and continue breastfeeding even after vaccination.
What is the dosage and type of administration?
As for dosage, WHO recommends it to be administered in two intervals. The period of intermission should be 3-4 weeks. It is administered by intramuscular injection technique. This makes it absorbed into the bloodstream as quickly as possible.
Who should avoid Sinopharm?
Sinopharm must be avoided by those who got an allergic reaction because of hypersensitivity. This can be risky if it is administered unnoticed. Apart from them, those with a fever that has raised the body’s temperature about 38.5℃ should wait it out, before getting vaccinated.
What is the interval between doses of the Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine?
According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, there should be an interval of 3-4 weeks between two doses of the Sinopharm vaccine. The dose does not need to be repeated if the second dose is given less than three weeks following the first. The second dose should be administered as soon as feasible if it has been postponed for more than four weeks.
Are there any side effects from the COVID-19 vaccine?
Just like other vaccines, the Sinopharm vaccine also has mild and short-term side effects. These side effects are fever, muscle cramps, and diarrhea. Severe or long-term side effects of the Sinopharm vaccine are quite rare.