Back Pain – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Back Pain

Back pain can affect people of any age group, from children to aged persons: It is one of the major health issues of people nowadays. It may result from an injury, disc slip, or accident.

Whatever is the reason for back pain, it should be treated properly to perform routine tasks and avoid severe damage to the lumbar, discs, vertebrae, and other parts of the backbone.

What do you mean by back pain?

Back ache is uneasiness, pain, and discomfort in any part of the back extending from the shoulders to the end of the lumbar area. It is one of the leading causes of disability throughout the world.

Back ache can be both in the upper and lower regions of the back.

The upper back pain may be due to tumors or inflammation of the spine.

The lower back pain may be due to the disturbance in the lumbar spine, discs, vertebrae, spinal cord, nerves, ligaments, and internal organs of pelvic and abdominal regions.


There are many causes of back ache. The most common cause is linked with strained muscles. Sudden or inappropriate movements or lifting of heavy objects can cause strain.

Strain may also result from exercise, sports, or heavy physical training sessions. Some people believe that hard exercise routines like running every day contribute to their back pain, but this is not the case. When you push yourself beyond the limits of your physical activity, it will cause discomfort. In fact, runners have a strong spine than others and experience less low back ache than non-runners.

Another most common cause is disk injury. These discs can split or bulge, and as a result, nerves in those areas can get compacted. Sciatic pain occurs due to the bulging of the disk that puts pressure on nerves.

Destruction of cartilage in the lower back joints may also cause back pain. In some cases, osteoporosis leads to fractures of vertebrae that cause back pain.

This condition can also occur due to several other reasons. Sometimes, spine cancer, kidney infection, or stones also contribute to back pain. If this lasts longer, immediately seek the advice of your doctor.


Its symptoms may last for a few hours to many weeks. The symptoms include pain somewhere in the back that extends to the buttocks or legs.

If you are experiencing back pain along with other following symptoms, immediately consult your doctor.

Inflammation of back

Unexplained weight loss


Pain in legs, buttocks, and knees

Pain while lying down

Problem with urination

Difficulty in controlling urination and stool

Numbness and weakness of buttocks, legs, and genitals


In the case of mild back ache, pain killers are sufficient, and there is no need to go for extensive medical treatment. However, in some cases, back pain is severe, therefore, stronger treatments are required to treat it properly. These treatments should be done under the strict supervision of a professional and highly qualified medical care provider.

Usually, a pain reliever like ibuprofen is recommended to ease the pain. In some cases, your doctor will also prescribe you anti-inflammatory medicines.

Do not take these medications on your own. Consult your doctor before using these medicines, especially if you are suffering from kidney, liver, or stomach problems. Do not exceed the recommended dosage.

Muscle relaxants and anti-depressants can be used to lower back pain. These medications are suitable and prescribed for nerve-related and chronic back pain.

In case of severe pain, your doctor may prescribe you a steroid injection, but this relief only lasts for 2-3 months.

If there are structural abnormalities that are contributing to back pain, then surgery is the only option. The painful vertebrae or disks are replaced and removed to eliminate the pain.

Chiropractic treatments are also performed by professionals for this condition.

Home Remedies for back pain

In case of acute pain, various home remedies can be used. Icepacks may help to relieve back pain. Similarly, using a heated bag of wheat may also help in lessening the inflammation.

Sitting for hours can also contribute significantly to your back pain. A good posture will help you avoid and ease your back pain. Sit upright, and support your body against the back of the chair.

Various exercises to strengthen the core muscles, improving the posture, and flexibility may also help you ease the discomfort. All these exercises must be done under the supervision of a physical therapist. Your physical therapist will guide you on how to properly sit, stand, and lie on your back. That will keep your spine in an upright position.

The prescribed exercises will strengthen your core muscles and provide you with flexibility and endurance.

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